What kind of equipment do you carry as survival gear when you fly? When flying over the vast boreal forests, endless tundra, massive glaciers and rugged mountains of Alaska, one really wants to have some equipment for the off chance of an unplanned landing, or even something as simple as not being able to get the engine started when returning from a remote location.
I regularly receive calls and emails from pilots planning to fly from the “Lower 48” to Alaska. One of the most frequent questions is: “I know Alaska is different. What do I need to bring in the way of survival gear?” This is often the start of a discussion that explores topics such as, “When are you coming?”, “What part of the state are you planning to fly to?”, and “What type of aircraft are you flying?” After all, a DC-3 has a lot more space for survival gear than a Super Cub.
People have also heard that Alaska has a law requiring survival gear be carried on board. It does. The first regulation dates back to 1943, before Alaska was a state. The regulation adopted at that time provided a short list of items to be carried. More recently, the state statute was revised which changed the requirements a bit, but is still basically a list of items, with some seasonal additions for winter operations. It also contains language indicating that these “…are considered to be minimum requirements…” indicating that this topic is worth more attention.
More than a List
To address the requests for information, and provide some guidance for pilots, representatives from several aviation groups drafted a “Best Practices” document, intended to touch on key factors to consider when putting together a survival kit. Elements such as shelter, signaling, fire arms, and food are covered, along with some discussion about where to carry components of your kit. This document does not include a prescriptive list of items to carry, although it has several references with more information and ideas regarding items to carry, and how to personalize your individual kit.
What is a Survival Situation?
Many of us like to go camping, hiking, hunting, canoeing, skiing, snow machining, etc. We probably consider ourselves to be fairly handy operating in remote areas. The skill and experience gained from those activities certainly is a benefit over someone who is not comfortable in these settings. But a survival situation has one key difference—you didn’t PLAN to be there. Plus, the camping gear carried behind the back seat might not have made it out of the aircraft, following a forced landing and subsequent fire. You, or some of your passengers, may have injuries. Just taking one hand out of commission makes it much more difficult to open a can of beans, or to heat water for a freeze-dried meal. THESE are the situations we need to prepare for, both in terms of what we carry in our aircraft, on our person, and perhaps most importantly, in our minds.
Planning for an unplanned situation, figuring out in advance what equipment to have with you, and mentally preparing for a variety of situations is important to achieve a successful outcome when things go wrong.
The best practices document includes a brief discussion about the importance of training. I would like to suggest a fun exercise you can perform to test your survival gear. Years ago, the Alaskan Aviation Safety Foundation held a workshop in Fairbanks, with about a dozen aircraft participating, that executed this scenario. Get with a few aviation friends and plan an overnight outing to a nearby back-country airstrip, or someplace you can camp. Instead of taking the normal load of camping gear, and shopping bag of steaks to cook, fly out and spend the night ONLY USING YOUR SURVIVAL GEAR. Construct a shelter, make dinner out of your survival food. See if the stove you carried for the past five years really works. Make breakfast the next morning, also ONLY from your emergency supplies. No sneaking in a dozen eggs from the store!
Make some signaling devices, such as a Canadian smoke generator, and launch one of the aircraft to see what it looks like from the air. Be sure to monitor the local CTAF frequency in case a non-participating aircraft is attracted and thinks you are really in distress.
At the end of this outing, take stock of what worked as you thought it would, and what didn’t. Use this as a basis both to refresh supplies, and to consider ways to upgrade the equipment you carry. It could be a fun first outing of the year, or a long weekend spent cold and hungry. Either way, it can be a great lesson in preparing your survival gear and survival attitude for the busy flying season ahead!
Thanks to the organizations that supported the effort to prepare this best practices document:
Alaskan Aviation Safety Foundation
Alaska Airmen Association
AOPA Air Safety Institute
Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association